Automatic Extraction of Road Points from Airborne LiDAR Based on Bidirectional Skewness Balancing

TítuloAutomatic Extraction of Road Points from Airborne LiDAR Based on Bidirectional Skewness Balancing
AutoresJorge Martínez Sánchez, Francisco Fernández Rivera, José Carlos Cabaleiro Domínguez, David López Vilariño and Tomás Fernández Pena
TipoArtículo de revista
Fonte Remote Sensing, MDPI, Vol. 12, No. 12, pp. 21 , 2020.
RankProvisionally ranked Q1 in Earth and Planetary Sciences (all) by SJR 2019
ISSN2072-4292
DOI10.3390/rs12122025
AbstractRoad extraction from Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) has become a hot topic over recent years. Nevertheless, it is still challenging to perform this task in a fully automatic way. Experiments are often carried out over small datasets with a focus on urban areas and it is unclear how these methods perform in less urbanized sites. Furthermore, some methods require the manual input of critical parameters, such as an intensity threshold. Aiming to address these issues, this paper proposes a method for the automatic extraction of road points suitable for different landscapes. Road points are identified using pipeline filtering based on a set of constraints defined on the intensity, curvature, local density, and area. We focus especially on the intensity constraint, as it is the key factor to distinguish between road and ground points. The optimal intensity threshold is established automatically by an improved version of the skewness balancing algorithm. Evaluation was conducted on ten study sites with different degrees of urbanization. Road points were successfully extracted in all of them with an overall completeness of 93%, a correctness of 83%, and a quality of 78%. These results are competitive with the state-of-the-art.
Palabras chaveairborne LiDAR point clouds, road point extraction, bidirectional skewness balancing

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